ASF is eastern Canada's first and only ART MATERIAL TRADE FAIR + ART CLASSES. Organizers brought together the biggest and best names and brands in the industry. Attendees were able to see, buy and try the latest products, take a workshop, demo or lecture.
This is the first of four reports on the demonstrations, lectures and workshops that I attended.
|Ed Brickler of Canson Papers|
His enthusiasm about paper is infectious (see the two-hour video of Ed Brickler giving a lecture at University Museum of Contemporary Art in 2012 below)
Other things that I learned about Ed:
- He is a Chicago Urban Sketcher. He shared his handmade arches sketchbook with us and let us see his wonderful urban sketches
- He has written a book: " Making Art: Materials and Techniques for Today's Artist " (available for kindle on amazon.ca)
|Making Art: Materials and Techniques for Today's Artist|
by Ed Brickler
The History of Canson Papers
I enjoyed hearing about the history of Canson Papers
- The Montgolfier family had been making papers since 1557.
- The Montgolfier brothers were inventors of the first practical balloon made using vellum paper and cloth in 1782
- One of the daughters of (Jacques-)Etienne Montgolfier, Alexandrine, married Barthélémy de Canson who ran the mills after Etienne's death in 1799. In 1801, the company became "Montgolfier et Canson", then "Canson-Montgolfier" in 1807.
Interesting facts about the types of paper:
- Cotton papers: come from the state of Georgia; American money is still made from linen/cotton; this is the most archival paper;
- Wood pulp papers: is renewable sourcing; Count Faber-Castell has demonstrated sustainable forestry by cultivating a forest that provides the materials for 2 billion wood-cased pencils a year; Canada is the only place that makes newsprint (alpha cellulose) non-archival paper; (see acid in paper below)
- Rice papers: not made from rice but made from the inner bark of mulberry tree or other indigenous trees that have bast fibers;
- Linen papers: Linen used to be a popular paper but, due to cost, has been replaced by cotton papers
- paper weight indicates the thickness of the paper
- gsm is more reliable and useful to go by than the lb system
Ed emphasized the importance of knowing "the intention of the paper". For example, is the paper intended for pastels, printmaking, tracing etc and while this does not limit how you can use the paper or restrict experimentation, it is important for the artist to understand. Turner apparently purposely use the "wrong side" of paper because he preferred the "gnarley texture".
It is also important to understand sizing (either gelatin or starch). Sizing is water-soluble and will come out if you soak it. (Ed said pre-soak watercolor paper for 5 minutes maximum) I had never heard of "vegan paper" until today. Some vegan artists only work with papers not sized with gelatin.
- Smooth: for gouache, ink etc
- Some texture: for watercolor etc
- Rough: pastel (note mi-teintes papers can be used on both sides - the smooth or the rough)
|Canson Edition paper|
Acid in Paper
- causes yellowing as paper ages
- calcium carbonate (basically chalk and the same substance you find in Tums) is added to paper to repel the acid
- framing art is important - everything - even the tape - should be acid-free (most glues are acidic)
Canson Invented Tracing Paper
2009 marked the 200th anniversary of the invention of tracing paper by Canson.
"Used since its invention, by artists, architects, engineers and draftsman. Tracing paper and tracing vellum has become a staple in every design, architectural and fine art studio. Canson developed tracing paper in 1809. No one is sure exactly how the concept came about or how much trial and error was involved in the development. One medieval recipe involved marble dust, fish glue and garlic..........To this day Canson__™s technique for making tracing paper is kept secret." (Source: http://artid.com/members/marylawler/blog/post/2322-tracing-paper-mystery )
|Canson invented tracing paper in 1809|
Vellum and the First Hot-air Balloon
"The modern era of flight lifted off in 1783 when two brothers demonstrated their invention, the hot-air balloon, before a crowd of dignitaries in Annonay, France. Joseph-Michael and Jacques-Ètienne Montgolfier, prosperous paper manufacturers (a high-tech industry at the time), began experimenting with lighter-than-air devices after observing that heated air flowing directed into a vellum paper or fabric bag made the bag rise."(Source: http://www.space.com/16595-montgolfiers-first-balloon-flight.html)
|Canson Vidalon Vellum|
Degas - Monoprinting
|Monoprint: "Wheat Field and Green Hill"|
|Monoprint: "Wheat Field and Green Hill"|
Ed shared the techniques of Dan Burkholder who creates high contrast inkjet prints on vellum paper and applies gold leaf to the back to create this technique. Dan Burkholder also authored "iPhone Artistry"
|High contrast inkjet print on vellum paper|
|Gold leaf on back of paper|
We were also given a sampler package that had the following paper samples:
- Universal Sketch (65lb/96gsm)
- Classic Cream Drawing (90lb/147gsm)
- C à Grain Drawing (111lb/180gsm)
- Pure White Drawing (80lb/130gsm)
- Mi-Teintes Pastel (98lb/160gsm)
- Illustration (150lb/250gsm)
- Pro Layout Marker (18lb/70gsm)
- Vidalon Vallum (55lb/90gsm)
- Montval Watercolor (140lb/300gsm)
- Mixed Media (138lb/224gsm)
|Sample from Canson presentation|
Here are two interesting links mentioned by Ed:
- Canson & Montgolfier Paper Museum
- Getty Museum - virtual library free art books for downloading that ed Brickler urged folkss to visit